In Europe

The coloured circles represent the total number of activities (project, products and services, outreach, collaborations) that we have in the corresponding geographical zone

Map data: © OpenStreetMap contributors

Progetto ADAPT

project-ADAPT-evidenza The ADAPT project, co-funded by the Interreg Italy-France Maritime Program 2014-2020, aims to adapt the Italian and French cities of the Upper Tyrrhenian to the consequences of climate change, with particular reference to the urban flash floods caused by intense meteorological ...

Preventive evaluation of land instability hazards

project-vapit-evidenza The urbanisation of seismically active areas, coupled with the ongoing change in climate patterns, require a shift in the approaches to land/infrastructure instability hazard assessment and risk reduction. This is particularly relevant in seismically active regions where the recurrent damage from landsliding, subsidence and ground deformations can be widespread. Geotechnical investigations and in situ monitoring of land prone to instability are ...

From population risk perception to social vulnerability in coastal areas subject to climate change: a proposal for risk management strategies in two Mediterranean regions

project-bilaterale-calabria-malta-evidenza Coastal areas are particularly sensitive to climate change. Because these areas have become particularly susceptible to extreme physical phenomena because of a significant increase in human pressure, climate change will cause heightened exposure and vulnerability of the population. The Authorities ought to make strong efforts to: i) take the necessary measures and actions to reduce the negative impacts of the natural phenomena on the coastal ...

Towards geohazards resilient infrastructure under changing climates

project-hercules-evidenza A trend of increasingly frequent intense rainfalls and changing rainfall patterns is causing a relevant number of landslides and floods affecting urban areas and engineering infrastructures such as roads, railways. Recently Transport networks across Europe experienced several failures the reasons of which are still poorly understood.. To improve the current situation, a step change in the way we design reliable and effective defence structures ...

Automated Inclinometer System (AIS) for deep-seated ground deformation measurements

IMG1-AIS-Focus-01-31lug2015-evidenza Our AIS (Automated Inclinometer System) allows for fully automatic inclinometer measurements in standard boreholes. The deep measurements have multiple applications, including (i) evaluating the rate of deep-seated ground deformation in landslide areas, (ii) evaluating the volume of deep-seated landslides, and (ii) assessing landslide hazards. The AIS is composed of an electronic control manager, an inclinometer probe (with traditional ...

Geohazard impact assessment for urban areas

progetto-safety-evidenza- The project is focused on monitoring geohazard-associated ground deformations, a key prevention action specifically addressed to urban areas and critical infrastructures. The project will propose a procedure to produce maps to assess continuously the potential impact of geohazard activity. These maps will provide inputs to support early warning, giving information on the stability of the monitored areas and to evaluate the expected ...

Mediterranean Services Chain Based On Climate Predictions

project-medscope-evidenza The project focuses on climate predictions from seasonal-to-decadal timescales for the Mediterranean region (here defined as the domain encompassing the Mediterranean basin and the surrounding areas), and their applications in different sectors. The IRPI contribution will cover this aspect of the project, with specific reference to the conditions and evolution of cryosphere resources (WP4, Task ...

ALMOND-F, an ALarm and MONitoring system for Debris-Flows

The ALMOND-F equipment installed on the left bank of the Gadria torrent. The structure also includes a raingauge, a solar panel and the box containing the data logger ALMOND-F is an innovative unit for the microseismic detection of debris flows using a network of geophones. The microseismic detection of debris flows is more complex than other types of monitoring. Use of the geophones requires: (1) the selection of the level of amplification of the signal, which depends on the distance from the stream; (2) the selection of the sampling frequency of the seismic signal, which must be sufficiently high; (3) ...

Integrated approach for the development across Europe of user oriented climate indicators for GFCS high-priority sectors: agriculture, disaster risk reduction, energy, health, water and tourism

project-indecis-evidenza Climate change strongly impacts the whole European territory. Drought severely affects agriculture; precipitation extremes are associated with flooding, severe damage to properties and lives; temperature extremes can increase mortality; the seasonality and availability of snow affects water resources and winter tourism; wind speed or sunshine hours affect the production of renewable energy. These relations can be studied through the computation ...

Detecting rainfall from the bottom up

sm2rain-evidenza-1 SM2RAIN is an innovative system for the estimation of the rainfall, based on measurements of the soil water content. SM2RAIN considers the soil as a natural rain gauge, and by measuring temporal variations of the soil water content, it estimates the rainfall falling on the soil, adopting a “bottom up” approach. Technically, SM2RAIN relies on the inversion of the soil water balance equation that computes the repartition of rainfall in ...

Landslide susceptibility models and maps

LAMPRE leaflet Landslide susceptibility is the likelihood of a landslide occurring in an area, given the local terrain conditions. It is the degree to which an area can be affected by future landslides i.e., an estimate of “where” landslides are more likely to occur. Landslide susceptibility does not consider the temporal occurrence or the magnitude of the expected landslides. In mathematical language, landslide susceptibility can be expressed as the ...

Documentation and analysis of flash floods

focus-Documentazione_analisi_piene_improvvise_01-evidenza-2 Flash floods occur in small to medium size river basins, and are characterised by fast temporal evolution. Because of their intensity and short warning times, flash floods often cause not only major economic damage, but also loss of lives. An integrated approach to documentation and analysis of flash floods has to include the following issues: post-flood observations aimed at estimating peak discharge and reconstructing temporal ...

STSE Water Cycle Multi-mission Observation Strategy – Irrigation

evidenza-wacmos-desert-fields Irrigation is one of the greatest human intervention in the hydrological cycle. The knowledge of the distribution, the extent of irrigated areas and the amount of water used by irrigation is needed for different purposes: 1) modelling irrigation water requirements at the global scale, 2) assessing irrigated food production, 3) quantifying the impact of irrigation on climate, river discharge and groundwater depletion. Notwithstanding its ...

Radar remote sensing techniques for the detection and measurements of ground surface deformations

DInSAR-in_evidenza- Space-borne radar interferometry or DInSAR (Differential Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar) is one of the latest techniques used for the detection and measurement of ground surface deformations caused by natural and / or man-made events. The DInSAR technique has been successfully used in the measurement of seismic deformations and of the effects of subsidence, unstable slopes and inflation of magma in volcanoes. The growth of space ...

India, Italy & UK join for study

media-giornale-rivista-200x200 Articolo uscito sul quotidiano "The Telegraph - India",  del 20 gennaio 2017, riguardante la collaborazione di varie realtà di ricerca internazionali, tra cui l'IRPI CNR,  al progetto ...

E-TECH New technologies for support and prevention of emergencies

evidenza-E-TECH_figure1_architecture The management of natural hazards tends radically to distribute responsibilities at the local level, as the first civil protection actors. Prevention and preparedness are long-term goals, rooted in volunteer expertise, and awareness of local citizens, using solutions of "crowd-sourced mappers". The objective is designing mobile applications, sensors and dashboard for citizens and volunteers of civil protection, with pilot study cases selected ...

Geomorphometry and sediment dynamics in mountain catchments

evidenza-geomorfometria-dinamica-sedimento The aim of the geomorphometric analysis is to derive indices capable of characterizing the spatial variability of specific hydro-geomorphological processes (e.g., sediment connectivity, erosion and deposit). The growing availability of high-resolution topographic data has increased the interest in geomorphometry and its applications. Debris-flow monitoring in instrumented areas and flash-flood documentation are invaluable ways to gather field ...

Memorandum of Understanding

georgia

Dikes and Debris Flows Monitoring by Novel Optical Fiber Sensors

project-DOMINIO-fronte-evidenza With more than 5 million people affected, more than 1000 killed, and with estimated total damages exceeding 4.5 billion Euros just in Europe and during the last decade, floods are among the most disruptive natural events threatening our Society. Due to increase in extreme weather events and rapid socio-economic developments in vulnerable locations, the risks connected to floods in general are growing rapidly, and the awareness of these risks ...

Sentinel for Geohazards regional monitoring and forecasting

progetto-safety-evidenza- SAFETY aims at providing Civil Protection Authorities with the capability of periodically evaluating and assessing the potential impact of geohazards (volcanic activity, landslides and subsidence) on urban areas. The project improves the effort to detect and map geohazards, assess their activity and evaluate their impact on built-up areas and infrastructures ...

Memorandum of Understanding

spagna

Mappatura, Modellazione e Previsione Multiscala dei RIschi GEo-idroLogici

progetti-m3rigel-evidenza- Italy has a tradition of scientific research and technological development on hazardous natural phenomena in general, and specifically on geo-hydrological hazards. Within the CNR, the “Progetti Finalizzati”  Soil Conservation and Geodynamics (in the ’70s and ’80s), and GNDCI – the National Group for the Defence from Hydrogeological Disasters (in the ’80s and ’90s), have contributed to the advancement of knowledge ...

Workshop to the Academy of Sciences, Prague

media-link-web-200x200 Il sito web dell' "Institute of Rock Structure and Mechanics of the CAS (IRSM CAS)" ospita un resoconto del workshop (“Natural hazards around us – opinions of European experts on natural and social environment changes”) svoltosi a Praga il 3 dicembre 2015, citando Fausto Guzzetti e Paola Reichenbach, ricercatori presso l'IRPI CNR, quali principali relatori della giornata. Vai alla pagina web ...

Installation AIS in the Breithorn area (Switzerland)

ais-200x200 Following the European project Lampre and according between CNR-IRPI and Swiss Federal Office of the Environment, the  GeoHazard Monitoring Group (GMG) have installed an Automated Inclinometer System in the BreitHorn area (Kanton Wallis) at 2900 m altitude. The monitoring system, patented by CNR-IRPI allows realizing automatically high-precision inclinometer measurements to evaluate deep-seated ground deformations. More informations at the ...

Randa landslide

randa-frana-200x200 During installation of an Automatic Inclinometer System in the Breithorn landslide area - Kanton Wallis (Switzerland) - 21/10/2015 - was also carried out a fast aerial observation on the Randa landslide located a few kilometers from the Breithorn. By Paolo Allasia and Franco Godone from CNR ...

Memorandum of Understanding

romania

La ricerca idrogeologica italiana per la gestione sostenibile delle acque sotterranee di Malta

media-link-web-50x50 Dal sito del CNR una news riguardante l’Accordo di Cooperazione “Formulation of a framework to guide the development of a numerical groundwater model to estimate the sustainable yield of the mean sea level aquifer system” tra l'IRPI-CNR e il Sustainable Energy And Water Conservation Unit (SEWCU) del Ministry for Energy and Health (MEH) della Repubblica di ...

STSE Water Cycle Multi-mission Observation Strategy for the Mediterranean

ESA_WACMOS_MED_IMMEV Monitoring the water cycle from satellite observations is one of the major goals of the EO community and closing the water budget has been a long-standing objective of international programs. After years of hard work, calibrating satellite data, improving inversion techniques, and facilitating the coherency of retrievals, it is admitted that the water cycle budget can now be ...

H-SAF AS: Integration of PR-OBS-5 and SM-OBS-1 products through SM2RAIN algorithm for improving rainfall estimate

HSAF_AS_SM2RAIN_IMMEV State-of-the-art satellite rainfall products are often the only way for measuring rainfall in remote areas of the world. However, these products may fail in properly reproducing the amount of precipitation reaching the ground, which is needed for hydrological applications. The integration of satellite soil moisture products is expected to significantly improve rainfall ...

Multi Scale and Multi Hazard MApping Space Solutions

MEMPHIS_AI_739_Proposal_v1 The exploitation of innovative methods of SAR and optical data processing, combined to the use of ancillary data, is able to provide useful products for the landslide and seismic hazard ...

SM2RAIN dataset

SM2RAIN_Evidenza The rainfall dataset provides rainfall estimates obtained through the application of an inversion algorithm to soil moisture data. The algorithm has been applied to ground and satellite data, obtained through various satellite ...

EUMETSAT Satellite Application Facility on Support to Operational Hydrology and Water Management

HSAF-evidenza The H-SAF generates and archives high-quality data sets and products for operational hydrological applications starting from the acquisition and processing of data from Earth observation satellites in geostationary and polar orbits operated both by EUMETSAT and other satellite organization. The retrieval of products uses data from microwave and infrared instruments and aims at reaching the best possible accuracy compatible with satellite ...

Land cover change detection and monitoring methodologies based on the combined use of S1 and S2 for natural resources and hazard management

Evidenza_LandCover_ESA ESA Sentinels missions will provide enhanced capabilities in the revisit frequency, and the coverage. Their complete exploitation is in the combination of the two to advantage of a further increased revisiting time and in the use of different wavelenght domains. This reflects in the capabilities to detect features of changes induced by different factors including natural hazards and crop ...

Automated Inclinometer System installed in the Portalet landslide

sistema-inclinom-50x50 Col du Pourtalet, El Portalet or Portalet d'Aneu is a mountain pass and border crossing in the Pyrenees, between France and Spain. Installed in 2014, August as part of the European Project Lampre. The system allows to monitor in continuous (2÷4 meas/day) deep displacements on the landslide along 50 m borehole. In early July, the Geohazard Monitoring Group of CNR IRPI (http://gmg.irpi.cnr.it), has made a survey finalized to a ...

Connecting European Connectivity Research

COST-evidenza Water and sediment connectivity has emerged in recent years as a significant conceptual framework for understanding the transfer of surface water and sediment through landscapes. Connectivity can be seen both as a driver of hydrological and geomorphic processes within a catchment and as an emergent catchment property that is the result of processes acting at different ...

RelationsHips between meteo-climAtic paraMeters and ground surface deforMation time sEries in mountain enviRonments

HAMMER_Fig2_VdA_SBAS_result-evidenza There is a systematic lack of information on the effects of the climate and environmental changes on the frequency and the intensity of landslides and their triggering phenomena (Huggel et al., 2012). The problem is particular severe in mountain area, where natural and human-driven climatic and environmental changes may alter significantly the frequency and the intensity of the slope processes, with largely unknown short and long-term effects ...

Mobile Application for Emergency Response and Support

app-evidenza The responsibilities within natural hazards involve citizens and volunteers as first actors of civil protection. The prevention implicates technical volunteers, but the priority implies now awareness of local citizens. The involvement of population creates context-specific strategies of territorial surveillance and management. MAppERS empowers “crowd-sourced mappers” through smart phone applications and sensors, with geo-tagged information, ...

Landslide Modelling and tools for vulnerability assessment Preparedness and REcovery management

LAMPRE-ELIM-Large Il progetto FP7 LAMPRE - Landslide Modelling and tools for vulnerability assessment Preparedness and Recovery management svolge attività di ricerca innovative e di sviluppo tecnologico per migliorare le capacità del sistema Copernicus di far fronte a eventi di frana e alle loro conseguenze, in Europa e in altre parti del mondo. LAMPRE migliora il rischio di frana sforzi di mitigazione / preparazione e le attività di recupero e di ...

Alarm and monitoring systems for debris and mud flows

The coross-section of the Marderello torrent where the stage sensor is installed, visible above the bridge. Monitoring of debris flows in instrumented areas is carried out since many years in different Countries worldwide. It is still missing, however, an adequate standardization of methodologies, instrumentations and procedures. The instrumented areas are also employed for testing warning systems. Even though these latter have been more and more employed, a systematic experimentation of these systems has not yet been carried ...

Increasing Resilience through Earth Observation

increo-evidenza- To significantly contribute to the operational capacities in the context of Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES)/ Copernicus by developing customised mapping and geo-information products addressing risk, vulnerability and assets ready for deployment in the prevention and preparedness phases – complementary to the GMES/Copernicus Emergency Management Service. Solutions to be provided are based for the most part on Earth ...

Zermatt (CH), Test site of DORIS project

media-tv-video-50x50 Interview with Fausto Guzzetti and Hugo Raetzo in Zermatt (CH), edited by Einstein science program of Swiss TV channel SF, ...

FLoods and fIre Risk assessment and managEment

FLIRE-evidenza FLIRE is a demonstration project aiming to the development of an integrated Decision Support System (DSS) for both flash floods and forest fires risk assessment and management. The DSS tool will be designed by using state of art tools, technologies and methods and taking into account prevention, adaptation and interaction issues. The final model will be online available to key stakeholders and relevant authorities (local and national) for the ...

Sediment management in Alpine basins

SedAlp-Debris-Flow-Front-201114- The understanding of the changing equilibrium between sediment supply from upstream and sediment transport capability of a river is important for the success of integrated water resource management. In Alpine river basins, intensive sediment transport processes and sediment continuity have a notable impact on several water management issues posing multiple use conflicts related to hydropower, ecology, flood control ...

Spatially distributed modelling of landslide phenomena

Modellistica_frane_3dparaview_20121121-1 The application of distributed physically based models is possible on relatively small areas, typically hundreds or few thousands of km2. Distributed modelling of slope dynamics requires many sufficiently detailed information. Knowledge of geotechnical parameters and land use, digital terrain models, medium/high resolution cartography, temporal evolution of soil moisture conditions, are ...

Assessment of water Balances and Optimisation based Target setting across EU River Basins

Abot-evidenza ABOT is one of the Pilot projects on Development of Prevention Activities to Halt Desertification in Europe, partly funded by DG Environment of the European Commission. The objective of the pilot projects is to support the development of concrete pilot initiatives on innovative technologies, techniques or practices in order to contribute to the exchanges of good practice and innovation for halting the desertification in ...

Changing Hydro-meteorological Risks as Analyzed by a New Generation of European Scientists

changes-evidenza The European Commission has identified the need for adaptations in risk management as a consequence to climate and environmental changes in several documents. The implementation of risk management measures such as disaster preparedness programmes, land-use planning, regulatory zoning and early warning systems are considered essential. Further, multi-risk assessment approaches are not used in planning practice: risk indicators are hardly used ...

Ground Deformations Risk Scenarios: an advanced assessment service

DORIS - Ivancich Landslide (Assisi, Italy) DORIS - Ground Deformations Risk Scenarios: an advanced assessment service is an advanced downstream service for the detection, mapping, monitoring and forecasting of ground deformations, at different temporal and spatial scales and in various physiographic and climatic and environments. DORIS integrates traditional and innovative Earth Observation (EO) and ground based (non-EO) data and technologies to improve our understanding of the ...

Glacial hazards in the western Alps

Glariskalp_figura-618x600-evidenza The project is included in Operative Program of the European cross-border territorial cooperation "Alcotra 2007-2013". It brings together specialized scientific expertise Italian and French that deal to study the mountain and its dangerousness. It is divided into a part of studies conducted on the entire framework of the Western Alps and in actions on the pilot sites identified by the ...

Investigation of postglacial fault zones using DInSAR

svezia-evidence-ev Fennoscandia bears witness of the Pleistocene glaciation in the form of a series of large geological faults. Pärvie which is the longest runs for 150 km. No information is available on its state of activity and no surface deformations data have ever been collected. The length of the fault and its location, make the traditional monitoring techniques unfeasible and ...

Landslide hazard in coastal areas: the natural laboratory of the Malta island

malta-evidence The research project can be included within the context of increasing hydrogeological instability also due to climate change and aims at investigating coastal instability in the island of Malta. This aspect has been until now slightly dealt with, despite significant risk issues, as evidenced from a series of accidents/damages recorded after landslide ...