News

Topographic thresholds for gully head formation in badlands. A new study published on “Earth Surface Processes and Landforms”

The article, titled “Topographic thresholds for gully head formation in badlands” has been recently published in the journal “Earth Surface Processes and Landforms”:  The study was co-authored by Mauro Rossi & Dino Torri from Cnr Irpi and Jean Poesen, Sofie De Geeter & Cati Cremer from the Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, KU Leuven, Heverlee, Belgium.

In synthesis

The study extends the gully topographic threshold model to badlands on the basis of data collected in the Mediterranean environment in Italy and Spain, characterized by diversified climatic, lithological, geological and anthropogenic settings. Criteria for the attribution of Curve Number values has been more objectively defined in order to reduce arbitrariness in threshold applications. Physical basics behind the gully head threshold concept have been revised requiring a description of the soil resistance in terms of frictional and cohesive components.

In detail

Gully erosion is a particularly damaging process which is not yet sufficiently understood and parameterized. Gully head topographic threshold relative to Hortonian runoff have been studied in cropland, rangeland and forest. This study extends such modelling approach to badlands. Different badlands (eight sites) have been studied in the Mediterranean environment in Italy and Spain, characterized by diversified climatic, lithological, and geological settings under different anthropogenic conditioning. Many badlands have been characterized by their specific human history in addition to their geomorphological properties. Land use, as part of the human history, strongly affected the formation many badlands and their development, through extremely impacting land exploitation (usually overgrazing). The effect of geological and geomorphological processes is usually particularly well visible. While the weakening effect of joints is confirmed, the different geological layer bedding orientation with respect to the slope aspect generates a different development of badland morphologies and different values of gully head thresholds values (as shown in two badlands sites on the same geological material and climate.

The selection of Curve Number values, at the base of the introduction of land use into the gully head thresholds, has been more objectively defined in order to reduce arbitrariness in threshold application. The study additionally revises some of the physical basics behind the gully head threshold concept, requiring a description of the soil resistance in terms of frictional and cohesive components. This implies the explicit inclusion of rock fragment into the grain size distribution, which cannot be limited to fine grains. It results into an enriched threshold formulation that allows to describe the condition for gully head initiation and retreat as the result of the trade-off between the frictional and cohesive components of the soil resistance forces. Eventually, the gully head threshold concept is confirmed and extended to include badlands.

Citation:

Rossi, M., Torri, D., De Geeter, S., Cremer, C. and Poesen, J., Topographic thresholds for gully head formation in badlands. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms. https://doi.org/10.1002/esp.5473

Web linkhttps://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/esp.5473

Additional references:

Rossi, M., Torri, D., Santi, E., 2015. Bias in topographic thresholds for gully heads. Nat Hazards 79, 51–69. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-015-1701-2

Torri, D., Poesen, J., 2014. A review of topographic threshold conditions for gully head development in different environments. Earth-Science Reviews 130, 73–85. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2013.12.006

Torri, D., Poesen, J., Rossi, M., Amici, V., Spennacchi, D., Cremer, C., 2018a. Gully head modelling: A Mediterranean badland case study: Gully head topographic threshold for badlands. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 43, 2547–2561. https://doi.org/10.1002/esp.4414

Torri, D., Rossi, M., Brogi, F., Marignani, M., Bacaro, G., Santi, E., Tordoni, E., Amici, V., Maccherini, S., 2018b. Chapter 4 – Badlands and the Dynamics of Human History, Land Use, and Vegetation Through Centuries, in: Nadal-Romero, E., Martínez-Murillo, J.F., Kuhn, N.J. (Eds.), Badlands Dynamics in a Context of Global Change. Elsevier, pp. 111–153. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-813054-4.00004-6

 

Location of study sites. Site codes in Italy: Verghereto VR, Montione MN; Leonina Biancana LH; Leonina Hillslope LB. Site codes in Spain: Puebla de Valles PV; Hiendelaencina HE; Villares de Jadraque VJ, Zarzuela de Jadraque ZJ.

 

Soil surface slopes (tan slope) at the gully heads and their corresponding catchment areas (A) measured in the different badland study areas; solid and dashed coloured lines show respectively the median and average threshold trends determined for cropland (dark red), rangeland (purple), and forest (green) (Torri and Poesen. 2014). Variability of k values (equation 10) for the different badland study sites (B) and study areas (C).

Convegno sul progetto CARG: Strumento di Prevenzione dei Rischi Naturali

Lunedì 10 ottobre alle ore 9.30, dalla Sala Zuccari del Palazzo Giustiniani in Roma, sarà trasmesso in diretta streaming su https://webtv.senato.it e sul canale YouTube del Senato Italiano https://www.youtube.com/user/SenatoItaliano, il Convegno che affronta il tema del completamento del Progetto CARG (Cartografia Geologica d’Italia). Uno degli scopi dell’evento è quello di evidenziare che il Progetto è da considerarsi alla stregua di una sofisticata infrastruttura di ricerca, di fatto strategica per l’Italia, in particolare per perseguire lo sviluppo ecosostenibile e la pianificazione consapevole del territorio, per la mitigazione, riduzione e prevenzione dei rischi naturali (sismici, idrogeologici, vulcanici e geochimici), per la tutela dell’ambiente e per la gestione delle georisorse, a partire dalle quelle idriche. L’IRPI CNR sarà presente a tale iniziativa con Maurizio Polemio ricercatore presso la sede di Bari, che interverrà nel corso della diretta.

Dettagli dell’evento » 

IRPI of Cosenza has participated to the event “European Researchers’ Night 2022/2023”

CNR-IRPI of Cosenza has participated to the European Researchers’ Night event also in the current year. The event was held in attendance on Friday, September 30, as part of the “SuperScienceMe – REsearch is your Re-source” Project, coordinated by the University of Calabria and with the participation of the CNR Institutes of Calabria and Basilicata, the University of Catanzaro “Magna Graecia”, the University of Reggio Calabria “Mediterranea” and the Calabria and Basilicata Regions.

The numerous activities planned for the event were divided into the five thematic areas inspired by the five EU Missions: Climate Change, including Societal Transformation; Cancer; Healthy Ocean, Seas, Coastal and Inland Waters; Climate-Neutral and Smart Cities; Soil Health and Food.

CNR-IRPI of Cosenza took part to the “Climate Change” thematic area by promoting two activities. The first, mainly informative, was aimed at providing information on geo-hydrological risk, also related to climate change, and how to deal with this risk. The second activity was directed to analyse how young people perceive climate change and deal with the main risks induced by it through a questionnaire downloaded via QR Code. It is possible to participate to the online questionnaire, present in the project web site, through the link www.superscienceme.it/questionario-cambiamenti-climatici-percezione-sociale.

Skype a Scientist e IRPI

‘Skype a Scientist’ è un progetto internazionale di divulgazione scientifica che mira a portare brevi lezioni di studiosi di svariate materie nelle scuole. A ogni ricercatore viene assegnata una scuola a cui tenere brevi talk con discussione su temi affini alla propria ricerca, in base all’età degli alunni.
In questa cornice Giulia Bossi, ricercatrice IRPI, ha tenuto due lezioni per bambini di 7-8 anni della St Peter’s Catholic Primary School (Londra). La presentazione “From rocks to soil to rocks again” trattava del “ciclo della roccia” e dell’evoluzione del paesaggio parlando di frane, alluvioni e trasporto solido.

Researcher of CNR-IRPI elected Vice-president of IAEG

The 2022 election of the Officers of IAEG (International Association for Engineering Geology and the Environment) Executive Committee for the term 2023-2026 were held during the online International Council meeting on September 14th. Janusz Wasowski, endorsed by the Italian National Group, was elected the new Vice-president of IAEG for Europe.
Founded in 1964, IAEG is a worldwide scientific society with more than 4,500 members, 69 National Groups and 19 Technical Commissions. Currently, the Italian National Group of IAEG has 91 members, and about 20% of them are CNR Researchers, including the President of the Group, Daniele Giordan.

Can the quality of a landslide inventory be related to the visibility of the territory from the roads?

CNR/IRPI researchers in collaboration with the Geological Survey of India (GSI) and the University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU) elaborated an experiment for the quality assessment of existing landslide inventories. The results show that inventories prepared using field survey and/or historic legacy data systematically underestimate the presence of landslides in poorly visible areas respect to the road network. This study, which can be easily replicated using the software released by the researchers, has clear implications on the procedures that, in the literature, are used to define and validate the landslide susceptibility of a territory.
More details in the the following research paper.
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-22-2929-2022

Due Ricercatori dell’IRPI co-autori di un recente lavoro pubblicato sulla prestigiosa rivista scientifica “NATURE”

L’articolo, intitolato “The challenge of unprecedented floods and droughts in risk management” pubblicato sulla rivista “NATURE”, presenta l’analisi di 26 coppie di eventi alluvionali e 19 di siccità occorsi in diverse parti del mondo con differenti contesti idroclimatici e socioeconomici. L’obiettivo è stato quello di valutare se e come l’occorrenza di un primo evento avesse condizionato l’impatto del secondo verificatosi a distanza di anni, utilizzando indicatori di pericolosità, vulnerabilità, esposizione, impatto e gestione del rischio.

I risultati dimostrano che quando due eventi colpiscono la stessa zona a distanza di anni, il secondo tende ad avere un impatto uguale o maggiore del primo, nonostante la realizzazione di interventi di prevenzione anche economicamente onerosi. Questa conclusione, per certi versi in controtendenza, è legata al verificarsi di eventi sempre più estremi, caratterizzati da magnitudo mai documentate in precedenza, che rappresentano ormai un allarme a scala globale soprattutto in considerazione degli scenari futuri. Solamente in due dei 45 casi analizzati, il secondo evento ha avuto un impatto più basso del primo nonostante una magnitudo più elevata, grazie al successo degli interventi di mitigazione del rischio.

L’unico caso italiano incluso nello studio, documentato dai due Ricercatori dell’IRPI Olga Petrucci e Giuseppe Esposito, è relativo ad una coppia di eventi alluvionali verificatisi in Calabria (Rossano-Corigliano). Questo caso ha evidenziato come l’impatto di un evento possa essere incrementato non solo da una maggiore magnitudo, ma anche dall’aumento di popolazione nelle zone a rischio. I due Ricercatori dell’IRPI sottolineano l’importanza di continuare a documentare gli eventi geo-idrologici, in quanto le informazioni raccolte, se adeguatamente trattate e sintetizzate sotto forma di indicatori, rappresentano validi strumenti sia per monitorare gli effetti del cambiamento climatico che per contribuire alla gestione delle azioni di adattamento e di mitigazione del rischio.

Link all’articolo: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-022-04917-5#MOESM1

Citazione: Kreibich, H., Van Loon, A.F., Schröter, K. et al. The challenge of unprecedented floods and droughts in risk management. Nature 608, 80–86 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-022-04917-5 

Relazione tra le variazioni di pericolosità e di impatto delle coppie di eventi alluvionali e siccitosi. Il colore dei simboli indica le variazioni della vulnerabilità, come indicato in legenda. Il cerchio verde evidenzia gli unici due casi in cui l’impatto si è ridotto nonostante l’aumento della pericolosità. Il cerchio viola evidenzia i casi associati ad impatti senza precedenti nonostante la riduzione di vulnerabilità.

Nationwide groundwater recharge evaluation for a sustainable water withdrawal over Italy. A new study published on “Journal of Hydrology: Regional Studies”

The article, titled “Nationwide groundwater recharge evaluation for a sustainable water withdrawal over Italy” has been recently published in the Journal of Hydrology: Regional Studies. The study was co-authored by Mauro Rossi & Marco Donnini from Cnr Irpi and Giulio Beddini from the University of Perugia.

In synthesis

The study evaluates over Italy the groundwater recharge, that is the amount of water that infiltrates into the soil recharging aquifers. The estimated groundwater recharge is compared with the water withdrawals for the mineral water industry and for civil use in specified years. The results show that the groundwater recharge varies regionally, mostly influenced by the precipitation distribution, elevation, and soil characteristics. Overall, the water withdrawals in Italy are sustainable in the analysed years, but not-negligible being approximately 10-15% of groundwater recharge.

In detail

The analyses were performed using the open source water balance model tool (HYDRO-BM) developed by Rossi & Donnini (2018) over a grid of 10 km × 10 km and the following gratis/libre open access data: (i) soil elevation data from the digital elevation model TINITALY/01 (https://tinitaly.pi.ingv.it/); (ii) precipitation (cumulative daily) and temperature (minimum and maximum daily) from 1981 to 2010 from the SCIA database of ISPRA (http://www.scia.isprambiente.it); (iii) soil and lithology data from the European Soil Database (https://esdac.jrc.ec.europa.eu/). The model was calibrated and validated with reference to literature data available for the area of Apennines (Central Italy). Groundwater recharge values were compared with the most recent water withdrawals data available in the scientific literature: (i) water withdrawn during 1992 for mineral water industry; and (ii) water withdrawn during 2015 for civil use.

The results shows that groundwater recharge estimated in the 1981-2010 period is on average 110 billion of cubic meters per year showing significant yearly variation. In 1992 and 2015 the groundwater recharge exceeded the average value by 3% and 27%, respectively. In 1992, the withdrawal for the mineral water industry was approximately 0.01% of the groundwater recharge and that for civil use was approximately 10% in 2015. Overall, the results show (i) that the 1981–2010 average groundwater withdrawals for civil, industrial, and agricultural use were sustainable, but not-negligible, being approximately 14% of the averaged groundwater recharge for the same period; (ii) the sustainability of water withdrawals varied regionally.

The proposed methodology allows for the evaluation of the sustainability of water withdrawals at the regional and national scale, in line with the Goal 6 of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development of United Nations (“Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all”, see https://sdgs.un.org). Moreover, the proposed approach may have strategic importance for developing countries, which are affected by water limited availability and have sustainability issues, especially in the context of climate change.

Citation: Rossi M., Donnini M., Beddini G. (2022). Nationwide groundwater recharge evaluation for a sustainable water withdrawal over Italy. Journal of Hydrology: Regional Studies, Volume 43, 101172, ISSN 2214-5818, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejrh.2022.101172.

Web linkhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejrh.2022.101172

Additional references: Rossi, M., & Donnini, M. (2018). Estimation of regional scale effective infiltration using an open source hydrogeological balance model and free/open data. Environmental Modelling & Software, 104, 153-170. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsoft.2018.03.005

Groundwater recharge estimated in 1992 (a) and 2015 (b) and percentage of water withdrawn for mineral water industry in 1992 (c) and for civil use in 2015 (d).

IRPI is present at the 2022 IEEE International Symposium on Measurements and Networking

IRPI is present at the 2022 IEEE International Symposium on Measurements and Networking (Padova, Botanical Garden, July 18-20, 2022) with a talk entitled “Distributed optical fiber sensors for the soil temperature measurement in river embankments” presented by Luca Schenato from the Padova Branch.

Carta Archeologica del comune di Asciano

La nuova Carta Archeologica del comune di Asciano (Siena) e le relative note, alla quale stesura hanno collaborato i tre ricercatori dell’IRPI CNR di Perugia, Mauro Rossi, Dino Torri e Giulia Margaritelli sarà presentata presso la chiesa di Sant’Agostino, Corso Matteotti, Asciano, durante la serie di eventi “Le notti dell’Archeologia”. La partecipazione è gratuita.

 

Luca Schenato at the international workshop on optical fiber monitoring

IRPI has attended the international workshop “SISTEMI INNOVATIVI DI MONITORAGGIO GEOTECNICO MEDIANTE SENSORI IN FIBRA OTTICA”, which has taken place in Padova, at the Botanical Garden on June 28, 2022.

In particular, Luca Schenato from the Padova Branch has presented a talk on “OPTICAL FIBER SENSORS: BASIC PRINCIPLES AND APPLICATIONS”.

More info »

Premiato Velio Coviello all’ Euromediterranean Network of Experimental and Representative Basins (ERB)

Velio COVIELLO ha ricevuto il premio “best oral presentation award” dall’Euromediterranean Network of Experimental and Representative Basins (ERB) per la presentazione “Continuous monitoring of bedload transport in a glacierized Alpine basin”. Il premio è stato assegnato in occasione della 18th Biennial Conference ERB 2022 svoltasi a Portoferraio, Isola d’Elba, dal 7 al 10 June 2022 ed organizzata dal Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Agrarie, Alimentari, Ambientali e Forestali dell’Università degli Studi Firenze. La ricerca presentata alla conferenza ERB riguarda lo studio del trasporto solido al fondo nel bacino glaciale di Solda (BZ) ed è realizzata in collaborazione con il River Basin Group della Libera Università di Bozen-Bolzano. Link al sito web della conferenza: https://www.dagri.unifi.it/p562.html

Special Issue “Atmospheric Rivers from Modeling and Remote Sensing”

This Special Issue aims to improve the current knowledge of atmospheric rivers (ARs) through the publication of groundbreaking papers that focus on innovative and original approaches to that research. From first pioneering studies, the interest of the scientific community progressively grew, as demonstrated by several funded projects on this subject, many field and numerical experiments, and the large number of scientific publications. However, despite this improvement in the knowledge of ARs in terms of their dynamics, evolution, and impact on the precipitation rate, several scientific questions remain unexplored. An example is an evaluation of the effects of AR-forced rainfall on small–medium-sized hydrological basins.

Submitted articles may address, but are not limited to, the following scientific topics:

  • Impact of ARs on heavy rainfall, heavy snowfall and associated floods over the midlatitude areas.
  • Changes in the hydrological response of complex terrain due to Ars.
  • A special focus on the Mediterranean basin: the features, occurrence, seasonality, and effects of ARs in this complex domain.
  • AR-related storms in the contest of climate change.
  • ARs as a key operational product for nowcasting applications and flood risk management.

 

Guest Editors

Dr. Sante Laviola (CNR-ISAC), Dr. Francesco Chiaravalloti (CNR-IRPI), Dr. Annalina Lombardi (CETEMPS), Dr. Barbara Tomassetti (CETEMPS).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 March 2023.

Further details can be found at the Special Issue web page

 

The aerial LiDAR of CNR IRPI now operational after an aerial camera and navigation system major upgrade

The CNR IRPI aerial LiDAR, (Responsible Marco Baldo of GMG – Geohazard Monitoring Group – group, based at Turin office), is operational after a major upgrade that has significantly improved its performance in terms of flight efficiency and orthophotogrammetric product resolution.

In fact, the existing aerial camera has been replaced with a new PhaseOne iXM-150Mpixel full frame (50mm focal lenght).

At the same time, the navigation and control system was updated with the new IGI CCNS5 (Computer Controlled Navigation System) model.

PhaseOne iXM-150 aerial camera

The medium format sensor with a pixel size of 3,76 mm, is able to shoot raw frames at a resolution of 14204X10652 pixels, corresponding to a GSD (Ground Sampling Distance) of about 6 cm /  pixel at 900 meters above ground level.

The aerial hardware control system, fully manageable with a toughpasd equipped with IGIVisu software, allows real-time viewing of stereoscopic and laser footprint coverage.

Finally, the CCNS5 flight assistance system, equipped with a full anti-reflection color display, is programmable for the aircraft on witch the system is onboarded and can predict the standard turn aerial procedures (taking into account environmental factors like direction and wind intensity), allowing a more effective entering-mode strip and saving flight time.

CCNS5 during aerial operations

ToughPad with IGIVisu software running: real-time lidar and camera footprint

Ground resolution of an aerial shoot over Dora di Verney torrent, La Thuile village (Valle d’Aosta Region).

 

Per informazioni: Marco Baldo (marco.baldo@irpi.cnr.it)

Special Issue of ‘Remote Sensing’ focuses on the latest research advances in remote sensing

The Special Issue of Remote Sensing journal (IF:4.84, Cite score Scopus 6.6) on “Remote Sensing for Geohazards: Status, New Challenges and Opportunities” is currently open for submissions of full research papers and comprehensive review articles for peer review and possible publication (deadline: 30 December 2022).
The Guest Editors are: Federica Fiorucci (CNR-IRPI) e Silvia Bianchini (Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università degli Studi di Firenze).
For information: francesca.ardizzone@irpi.cnr.it, federica.fiorucci@irpi.cnr.it, silvia.bianchini@unifi.it
This Special Issue focuses on the latest research advances in remote sensing technologies applied for observing, monitoring, mapping and modelling geohazards.
For further information, please follow the link to the Special Issue Website at:
https://www.mdpi.com/journal/remotesensing/special_issues/Remote_Sensing_for_Geohazards

IRPI researchers at the “Progressive Workshop on Statistical Analysis of Landslide Susceptibility”

Paola REICHENBACH and Mauro ROSSI participated to the “Progressive Workshop on Statistical Analysis of Landslide Susceptibility” at the Faculty of Mining, Geology and Petroleum Engineering of the University of Zagreb. Paola REICHENBACH and Mauro ROSSI gave lectures on topics related to landslide susceptibility modelling and carried out field surveys in the Croatian study areas. The workshop, which lasted 3 days (April 4-7, 2022), was attended by professors and PhD students from the Zagreb University. The collaborative activities were carried out within the framework of the scientific projects LandSlidePlan funded by the Croatian Science Foundation (https://landslideplan.eu/en/home/) and pri-mjer (https://pri-mjer.hr/).

Published the first dataset of flood fatalities for territories in the Euro-Mediterranean region

Scientific Data, a scientific journal of the Nature.com portfolio, yesterday (12/04/2022) published Developing a large-scale dataset of flood fatalities for territories in the Euro-Mediterranean region, FFEM-DB (https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-022-01273-x).

The paper describes the multinational Database of Flood Fatalities from the Euro-Mediterranean region, FFEM-DB, that hosts data of 2,875 flood fatalities from 12 territories in Europe and the broader Mediterranean region from 1980 to 2020. The FFEM-DB database provides data on fatalities’ profiles, location, and contributing circumstances, allowing researchers and flood risk managers to explore demographic, behavioral, and situational factors, as well as environmental features of flood-related mortality.

The project started on 2019 after the initiative of Olga Petrucci, a researcher working at IRPI section of Cosenza, and currently it involves 24 researchers working in 12 study areas.  

In the light of FAIR Principles for scientific data management, which declare that research data should be Findable, Accessible, Interoperable and Reusable, the database is freely accessible in 4TU.ResearchData, an international data repository for science, engineering and design at: https://data.4tu.nl/articles/dataset/EUFF_2_0_European_Flood_Fatalities_database_/14754999.

The future plan is to extend the database to all the European countries. Researchers working on the impact of floods on countries of the Euro-Mediterranean region can participate to the enlargement of the database with data about flood fatalities occurred in their country in the period 1980-2020.

contact: olga.petrucci@irpi.cnr.it.

FFEM-DB study areas, in blue. BAL: Balearic Islands; CAT: Catalonia; CYP: Cyprus; CZE: Czech Republic; SFR: Southern France; GER: Germany; GRE: Greece; ISR: Israel; ITA: Italy; POR: Portugal; TUR: Turkey; and UK: United Kingdom.

FFEM-DB study areas, in blue. BAL: Balearic Islands; CAT: Catalonia; CYP: Cyprus; CZE: Czech Republic; SFR: Southern France; GER: Germany; GRE: Greece; ISR: Israel; ITA: Italy; POR: Portugal; TUR: Turkey; and UK: United Kingdom.

Monitoring systems with mussels in cages operative at the Orvieto river section, Paglia River (ENTERPRISING PRIN project)

Two monitoring systems with mussels in cages have been made operative at Orvieto gauged site on March 31st and on April 7th 2022 (Paglia River) in the context of the PRIN ENTERPRISING project.
One system is installed on the pile of the bridge and one is in a lateral pool under the bridge. The systems allow to compare the mussels’ opening with the water level, conductivity and temperature with the main aim to identify the interactions between hydrodynamics and biotic communities.

Link to the project »

Launching of the executive program for scientific and technological cooperation between Italy and India (2022-2024)

IRPI-CNR participates in the bilateral program as an Italian partner of the ‘Significant Research Project’: Probabilistic floods and sediment transport forecasting in the Himalayas during the extreme events.

PI: Dr Silvia Barbetta

Link to the event registration (min 32-44) »

Un minuto di silenzio, guardandoci negli occhi

Nella giornata dell’8 marzo, il Cnr-Irpi si è unito al minuto di silenzio a seguito delle parole della presidente del Cnr, Maria Chiara Carrozza: “Martedì 8 marzo, alle ore 13, tutta la comunità del Cnr è invitata ad osservare un minuto di silenzio ritrovandosi negli spazi antistanti la propria sede lavorativa. Un minuto nel quale, oltre ad esprimere solidarietà per il popolo ucraino – e per tutti i popoli attualmente vittime di guerre e ingiustizie – ci si possa riconoscere come parti di un tutto, come compagni di viaggio, uniti nella pace e nella fiducia per il progresso dell’umanità. Con un pensiero solidale in più in occasione della Giornata Internazionale dei diritti della donna”. Si riportano le foto delle sedi di Perugia, Cosenza e Padova. Le Sedi di Bari e Torino hanno partecipato al momento insieme agli Istituti afferenti alle rispettive Aree di Ricerca.

SANF-RFI prototipo di sistema di allertamento per le infrastrutture di trasporto riconosciuto dal Mims

Il sistema di allertamento da frana SANF-RFI, sviluppato da Irpi Cnr per l’infrastruttura ferroviaria gestita da RFI, citato nel rapporto “Cambiamenti climatici, infrastrutture e mobilità” del Mims.

SANF-RFI è un sistema di allerta per la previsione di frane pluvio-indotte lungo l’infrastruttura ferroviaria gestita da RFI. Il sistema utilizza misure e previsioni quantitative di pioggia per prevedere l’occorrenza spaziale e temporale di frane lungo l’infrastruttura.

Il sistema è stato sviluppato a partire dalle precedenti esperienze che hanno portato alla implementazione di prototipi sia a scala nazionale, per conto del Dipartimento di Protezione Civile, che a scala regionale per le regioni Liguria, Sardegna e Puglia. SANF-RFI rappresenta un ulteriore sforzo, che mette a sistema le competenze di mappatura, modellazione e sviluppo tecnologico che il gruppo di ricerca ha maturato nel suo pluridecennale impegno istituzionale. Il sistema, in quest’ultima configurazione, prevede non solo l’occorrenza delle frane ma ne stima il possibile impatto sulla rete ferroviaria.

Nel rapporto “Cambiamenti climatici, infrastrutture e mobilità: soluzioni e strategie per gli investimenti infrastrutturali in un contesto di adattamento ai cambiamenti climatici e di mitigazione delle emissioni di gas-serra” redatto dalla Commissione cambiamenti climatici infrastrutture e mobilità sostenibili del Mims (Ministero delle Infrastrutture e della mobilità sostenibile), il SANF-RFI è stato citato come un “primo passo verso la definizione di interventi di early warning per le infrastrutture di trasporto”.

In particolare tali strumenti, anche secondo quanto specificato nel rapporto, sono da considerarsi come misure di adattamento di tipo soft ai cambiamenti climatici, in quanto utili a ridurre gli impatti che i fenomeni geo-idrologici pongono sulle infrastrutture e sulla popolazione.

Quanto riportato dal rapporto riconosce l’impegno decennale dei ricercatori del gruppo di Geomorfologia dell’Irpi di Perugia, e in particolare del team di sviluppo dei sistemi di allertamento territoriale, finalizzato alla previsione di fenomeni geo-idrologici di versante, combinando competenze scientifiche e di innovazione ai fini di Protezione Civile.

 

RIFERIMENTI SITO MIMS

https://www.mit.gov.it/nfsmitgov/files/media/notizia/2022-02/Rapporto_Carraro_Mims.pdf

https://www.mit.gov.it/comunicazione/news/mims-nuove-strategie-per-infrastrutture-sostenibili-e-resilienti-ai-cambiamenti

Il Gruppo Gestione dei Rischi Geologici partecipa ad un nuovo progetto

Il Geo-Risk Management Group partecipa al progetto “Numerical simulation and risk analysis of landslide hazard chains in high-mountain Asia considering the effects of global climate change” finanziato dall’ANSO (Alliance of International Science Organizations) e coordinato dal Prof. Gongdan Zhou dell’Insitute of Mountain Hazard and Environment (IMHE), CAS e del Sino-Italian Joint Laboratory on Geological and Hydrological Hazard di Chengdu. Oltre all’IRPI e all’IMHE partecipano al consorzio di ricerca l’ICIMOD (Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Pakistan) con la dott.ssa Mandira Singh Shrestha e la Technical University of Munich con il Prof. Shiva P. Pudasaini.
Il progetto si ripropone di investigare i processi di instabilità in ambiente proglaciale e periglaciale con particolare attenzione ai fenomeni di sbarramento e ai possibili conseguenti “outburst floods” nelle regioni più elevate dell’Asia, attraverso rilievi diretti, modellazione fisica e numerica. Il risultato finale sarà un modello dinamico multirischio con lo sviluppo di un software per l’analisi del rischio e la sua mitigazione nei settori interessati dal progetto “Belt and Road Initiative”.

Il contributo del Cnr-Irpi al sistema paese per la mitigazione dei rischi geo-idrologici

Venerdì 26 novembre si è concluso il workshop dell’Istituto di ricerca per la protezione idrogeologica, Cnr-Irpi, dal titolo “Il contributo del Cnr-Irpi al sistema paese per la mitigazione dei rischi geo-idrologici”, organizzato presso la Sala convegni della sede del Cnr in piazzale Aldo Moro a Roma in occasione dei 50 anni di attività dell’Istituto. A seguito dell’alluvione di Firenze del 1966, nel novembre del 1970, vennero istituite le prime tre sedi autonome del Cnr-Irpi, a Perugia, Torino e Cosenza, e alle quali si sono aggiunte negli anni successivi quelle di Bari e di Padova. Dal 2001 le sedi autonome sono state riunite in un unico istituto con sede centrale a Perugia alla quale si affiancano le altre quattro sedi.

Il workshop, inaugurato ieri 25 novembre, si è articolato in 4 sessioni tematiche che, tra interventi in presenza e in remoto, si sono susseguite nelle due giornate. La prima è stata dedicata alle tecnologie e ai sistemi per il monitoraggio e la previsione dei fenomeni geo-idrologici, la seconda alle ricerche svolte per la caratterizzazione e l’analisi dei processi che sono alla base della formazione dei fenomeni geo-idrologici. La terza e corposa sessione ha indirizzato gli avanzamenti fatti nei settori che abbracciano la valutazione della pericolosità geo-idrologica, la stima dei possibili impatti e la definizione delle misure di mitigazione dei rischi in un contesto di cambiamento globale. La quarta sessione è stata dedicata al tema della comunicazione dei rischi geo-idrologici e delle relative incertezze, comunicazione che si rivolge non solo agli addetti ai lavori, ma anche a un più ampio pubblico con la finalità di sensibilizzare i cittadini alle problematiche del dissesto geo-idrologico.

Alcuni dei ricercatori e dei tecnologi Irpi protagonisti dell’evento

Le sessioni hanno rappresentato le molteplici attività svolte dall’Istituto, la cui missione è quella di promuovere l’avanzamento della conoscenza sui processi che sono alla base della formazione dei rischi geo-idrologici al fine di individuare misure adeguate per la protezione territoriale e ambientale, e nonché per lo sfruttamento sostenibile delle geo-risorse. Sono stati presentati i risultati finora ottenuti dall’Istituto nel campo del monitoraggio e della previsione dei fenomeni geo-idrologici, nella determinazione del loro impatto al suolo e della mitigazione e nonché dell’effetto del cambiamento climatico su tali fenomeni.

I lavori sono stati aperti nella mattina del 25 novembre dal direttore dell’Istituto, Tommaso Moramarco, che ha poi lasciato la parola ai suoi predecessori, Lucio Ubertini, Fausto Guzzetti e Alessandro Pasuto. Gli interventi successivi del presidente della Commissione grandi rischi, Gabriele Scarascia Mugnozza, e del direttore del Dipartimento scienze del sistema terra e tecnologie per l’ambiente del Cnr, Fabio Trincardi, hanno evidenziato il ruolo chiave dell’istituto nella ricerca sui rischi geo-idrologici, a livello nazionale ed internazionale.

“Nei suoi 50 anni di attività l’Irpi ha contribuito alla sicurezza geo-idrologica del nostro Paese favorendo adeguate misure di mitigazione del rischio, mediante l’avanzamento della conoscenza sui processi che sono alla base dei fenomeni naturali potenzialmente pericolosi”, queste le parole con le quali il Direttore ha aperto il discorso di inaugurazione. Il discorso ha poi toccato i vari momenti della vita dell’istituto e il suo ruolo nella ricerca internazionale, ricordando anche gli sforzi messi in campo a supporto delle amministrazioni impegnate sia nella pianificazione che nella gestione territoriale. Infine l’ingegnere Moramarco ha sottolineato il ruolo centrale dell’istituto quale Centro di competenza del Dipartimento nazionale della protezione civile sui rischi geo-idrologici, ed in particolare sul rischio da frana e da inondazione.

Modelling seasonal variation of gully erosion at the catchment scale. A new study published on “Earth Surface Processes and Landforms” Journal

The article, titled “Modelling seasonal variation of gully erosion at the catchment scale” has been recently published in the journal Earth Surface Processes and Landforms. The study proposes a method for integrating remote sensing data from the ESA Sentinel-2 mission and the LANDPLANER modelling tool developed by Mauro Rossi, to predict the spatial and temporal occurrence of gully erosion phenomena. The study investigates the seasonal conditions responsible for the triggering of such phenomena at the basin scale using different erosion modelling schemas. The results show how the occurrence of erosion phenomena in the studied region changes seasonally, and that the proposed method was able to effectively discriminate the spatial and temporal occurrences of such phenomena. The proposed method can be applied to regions with similar characteristics around the world, even where there is limited data availability. The study was developed under the Project “SAPERE – Space Advanced projectExcellence in Research and Enterprise” and Project BIOESSaNS “Biodiversity and ecosystem services in SacredNatural Sites”, both funded by the Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research (MIUR).

Citation: Agostini, M., Mondini, A.C., Torri, D. & Rossi, M. (2021) Modelling seasonal variation of gully erosionat the catchment scale. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms,1–23. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1002/esp.5259.

Web linkshttps://doi.org/10.1002/esp.5259

50 anni di attività dell’Istituto di Ricerca par la Protezione Idrogeologica

In occasione del suo cinquantesimo anno di attività, l’Istituto di Ricerca par la Protezione Idrogeologica del CNR (IRPI CNR), ha deciso di realizzare un Workshop dal titolo “Il contributo del Cnr-Irpi al sistema paese per la mitigazione dei rischi geo-idrologici”.

L’evento avrà luogo dal 25/11/2021 ore 10.00 al 26/11/2021 ore 17.00 presso la Sala convegni della sede del CNR – Piazzale Aldo Moro, Roma – ed interesserà la gran parte dei Ricercatori e Tecnologi delle varie sedi dell’Istituto. Il workshop si svolgerà in presenza con l’opportunità di seguirlo in videoconferenza per coloro che saranno opportunamente registrati.

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Memorandum of Understanding between IRPI CNR and the Institute of Earth Exploration and Sensing, Najing University (China)

On November 19 (2021), a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between IRPI CNR and the Institute of Earth Exploration and Sensing, Najing University (China), a collaborative project that involves the two Parties for a period of five years, has been signed. The objective of the MoU is to establish a collaborative framework for joint R&D activities in the areas of interest of the two Parties, and specifically for the development of (i) fiber optic sensing technologies for engineering geological and geotechnical problems; (ii) real-time monitoring, early warning, and risk assessment systems for geohazards mitigation; (iii) artificial intelligence technologies in geotechnical and geological engineering.

The Institute of Earth Exploration and Sensing appointee: dr. Hong-Hu Zhu (zhh@nju.edu.cn)
CNR-IRPI appointee: dr. Luca Schenato (schenato@cnr.it)

CNR IRPI attends, in presence, to the Kick-Off of the I-CHANGE project

CNR IRPI attends, in presence, to the Kick-Off of the I-CHANGE project (Individual Change of HAbits Needed for Green European transition – 25-26 November 2021). The event takes place in Savona, at CIMA Foundation headquarters. The 3.5 years project is funded by the European Union (HORIZON 2020), is led by the University of Bologna and CIMA Research Foundation and involves 16 partners from 12 different countries. IRPI represents the CNR together with other institutes (IAA, IMATI, IGAG). Researchers Ivan Marchesini, Paola Salvati, Giuseppe Esposito and Alessando Mondini are involved in the project.

(In the photo presentation of Ivan Marchesini researcher of the IRPI CNR)

Conferenza Bilaterale tra il Cnr-Irpi e il Ministero dell’Ambiente, Infrastrutture, Trasporti e Turismo del Giappone

Mercoledì 24 novembre dalle 8:00 alle 12:00 si terra la XII conferenza Bilaterale tra Italia e Giappone sulla previsione e prevenzione dei rischi naturali nell’ambito della collaborazione, che dal 1998 lega l’Istituto di Ricerca per la Protezione Idrogeologica del Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR-IRPI) ed il Ministero dell’Ambiente, Infrastrutture, Trasporti e Turismo (MLIT) del Giappone.

I temi di tale collaborazione sono essenzialmente correlati al dissesto idrogeologico e ai possibili interventi di mitigazione. L’incontro intende rappresentare un momento di confronto tra ricercatori e tecnici giapponesi e italiani su tre specifici temi: i cambiamenti climatici e le frane; la gestione delle opere di mitigazione strutturale e la gestione del rischio vulcanico. Quest’ultima tematica, espressamente introdotta per la prima volta dalla controparte giapponese rappresenta un importante occasione per un allargamento della cooperazione con il coinvolgimento di ricercatori dell’INGV.

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Ricercatori IRPI al convegno “Il monitoraggio delle frane per la gestione dei rischi naturali”

I ricercatori del CNR IPRI Velio Coviello e Daniele Giordan sono fra i relatori del convegno “Il monitoraggio delle frane per la gestione dei rischi naturali” organizzato da ARPA Lombardia, dove verranno affrontati gli aspetti legati ai sistemi di monitoraggio delle frane e di allertamento oggetto delle nuove Linee Guida Snpa. L’accesso alla sala sarà consentito ad un numero limitato di partecipanti ma l’evento sarà trasmesso in diretta streaming.

Località: Milano, Palazzo Pirelli
Data: mercoledì 10 novembre

Paola Reichenbach nominata componente del Comitato nazionale per la valutazione della ricerca

Paola Reichenbach è stata nominata dal Ministro del MUR, Prof.ssa Maria Cristina Messa, componente del Comitato nazionale per la valutazione della ricerca (CNVR), istituito ai sensi dell’art. 64, decreto legge 31 maggio 2021, n. 77.

Il CNVR esercita le seguenti funzioni principali:
a) indica i criteri generali per le attività di selezione e valutazione dei progetti di ricerca, secondo canoni di imparzialità e tenendo nella massima considerazione le raccomandazioni approvate da organizzazioni internazionali di cui l’Italia è parte, nonché ispirandosi alle migliori pratiche applicate nei programmi dell’Unione europea;
b) nomina i componenti dei comitati di valutazione, ove previsti dai decreti attuativi applicabili ai fondi per il finanziamento di progetti di ricerca;
c) provvede allo svolgimento, anche parziale, delle procedure di selezione dei progetti o programmi di ricerca di altri enti, pubblici o privati, previo accordo o convenzione con essi;
d) definisce i criteri per l’individuazione e l’aggiornamento di liste di esperti tecnico-scientifici e professionali per l’affidamento di incarichi di valutazione tecnico-scientifica dei progetti di ricerca, istituite con decreto del Ministro dell’università e della ricerca;
e) predispone rapporti specifici sull’attività svolta ed una relazione annuale in materia di valutazione della ricerca, che trasmette al Ministro, il quale cura la pubblicazione e la diffusione dei rapporti e delle relazioni del CNVR.

L’IRPI alla conferenza di ricerca congiunta Banca d’Italia-Bank of England

I ricercatori Ivan Marchesini, Mauro Rossi e Paola Salvati del CNR-IRPI, sede di Perugia, partecipano alla Conferenza di ricerca congiunta Banca d’Italia-Bank of England “The macro-financial impacts of climate change and the net-zero transition”, che in questi giorni si sta tenendo a Milano, con la presentazione Quality of flood hazard and climate change implicaton.
Nella foto Ivan Marchesini al tavolo dei relatori.

European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2022: parallel session convened by CNR IRPI staff

Next European Geosciences Union – EGU – General Assembly will be held in Vienna, April 3-8, 2022. The EGU General Assembly 2022 brings together geoscientists from all over the world to one meeting covering all disciplines of the Earth, planetary, and space sciences. The EGU aims to provide a forum where scientists, especially early career scientists, can present their work and discuss their ideas with experts in all fields of geoscience.

The session convende by researchers of CNR IRPI, in collabration with scientists of different Istitutions from various countries, is entitled Novel data, methods and applications in Geomorphometry. Geomorphometry, a science of quantitative land surface analysis, gathers various mathematical, statistical and image processing techniques to quantify morphological, hydrological, ecological and other aspects of a land surface. The typical input to geomorphometric analysis is a square-grid representation of the land surface: a digital elevation model (DEM) or one of its derivatives. DEMs provide the backbone for many studies in Geo sciences, hydrology, land use planning and management, Earth observation and natural hazards.

The session is aimed at gathering contributions in the following main topics:

1 – Compromises between the use of global DEMs at 1-3 arc second, ~30-90 m grid spacing, and local LiDAR/structure from motion (SFM) elevation models at 1 m or finer grid spacing. We would like to investigate the tradeoff between the employment of the two kinds of data, and applications which can benefit from data at both (local and global) scales.

2 – New analytical methods and advanced geo-computation techniques, necessary to cope with diverse application contexts. We aim at investigating new methods of analysis and advanced geo-computation techniques, including high-performance and parallel computing implementations of specific approaches.

3 – Commercial anmd industrial applications of DEM data and of geomorphometric techniques. We would like to survey and investigate professional, commercial and industrial applications, including software packages, from small enterprises to large companies, to ascertain how academic researchers and industry can work together.

Details on the session at EGU 22 are available here: https://meetingorganizer.copernicus.org/EGU22/session/43941
The latest topical Geomorphometry conference: http://geomorphometry2021.org
Contacts: Massimiliano Alvioli (massimiliano.alvioli [AT] irpi.cnr.it)

Participation of IRPI in the “3rd European Regional Conference” of IAEG

The 3rd European Regional Conference of the IAEG https://euroengeo2020.org/, originally scheduled for 2020, just ended a few days ago. The conference, organized by the Greek National Group of the IAEG, was held in Athens on 6-10 October, 2021. The unifying theme of the event was: Leading to Innovative Engineering Geology Practices.

The Conference was run in a “hybrid” mode (face to face + online) and was attended by 244 researchers and professionals from all over the world (33 countries), out of which 55 participated on-line. The program included 6 Keynote lectures delivered in person. Janusz Wasowski, a senior scientist of the CNRI IRPI of Bari, presented a Keynote entitled “Recent advances in Remote Sensing for use in Engineering Geology”. Furthermore, the researchers of the CNRI IRPI of Turin contributed some papers presented orally on-line.

The Proceedings of the Conference (2 Volumes: full papers & extended abstracts) and the presentations will soon be available on the IAEG website. The publication of a Special Volume (thematic collection with Keynote lecture and selected papers) of the Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrology is also planned.

Special Issue “UAV Applications in Geology and Geomorphology” in Remote Sensing MDPI

The Special Issue of Remote Sensing on “UAV Applications in Geology and Geomorphology” (Deadline: 16 March 2022) – Gest Editors: Dr. Danilo Godone (CNR-IRPI), Dr. Cignetti Martina (CNR-IRPI), Dr. Mihai Ciprian Mărgărint (University of Iasi) is open for submission. This Special Issue of Remote Sensing aims to collects, high-quality, original research articles and technical notes on the application of the Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) in the environmental applications and in the earth sciences field, with particular interest in open-source approaches and the use of additional sensors mounted in the payload, functional to multi-sensor and multi-temporal investigations of the analysed phenomena.

Info: danilo.godone@irpi.cnr.it ; martina.cignetti@irpi.cnr.it
Link: https://www.mdpi.com/journal/remotesensing/special_issues/UAV_Geo

IRPI of Cosenza has participated to the event “2021 European Researchers’ Night”

CNR-IRPI of Cosenza is one of the partners of the project “SuperScienceMe 2021 – Research is your Re-generation”. The proposal is one of the 6 national projects selected and funded for the EC initiative “2021 European Researchers’ Night”. The aim of the 2021 initiative is the European Green Deal.

The partners of SuperscienceMe 2011 are the Universities of Calabria (Cosenza), Magna Graecia (Catanzaro) and Mediterranea (Reggio Calabria), the CNR Institutes of Calabria and Basilicata, and the Calabria and Basilicata Regions. The goal of the event “2021 European Researchers’ Night”, held on 24 September, mainly online, has been to encourage young people to acquire knowledge aiming to a change of their behaviours for inverting the climate and environmental challenges in opportunities.  

Within the ambit of the “SuperScienceMe2021” project, IRPI has produced two brief videos, uploaded in the project web page www.superscienceme.it, and promoted a survey on the public perception of climate change and natural risks (mainly, floods and landslides). The survey is carried out by means of an online questionnaire and has the goal to propose strategies and actions to improve public knowledge and communication on these issues. It is possible to participate to the online questionnaire, present in the project web site, through the link www.superscienceme.it/questionario-cambiamenti-climatici-percezione-sociale .

Awarding of the Florisa Melone prize

On the occasion of the Hydrology Days 2021, organized by Società Idrologica Italiana, (SII) together with the University of Campania, the FLORISA MELONE AWARD was conferred on Dr. Elena Cristiano from the University of Cagliari and on Dr. Antonio Annis from the University for Foreigners of Perugia for the START-UP project – Multilayer Systems (Polder Roofs) applied to Urban Rainwater networks. The award, dedicated to the IRPI colleague Dr. Florisa Melone, a researcher of high moral and scientific stature, assigns financial support to research projects carried out by young researchers who are members of the SII with the aim of promoting research autonomy and stimulating new ideas in the hydrological field.

IRPI at the researchers’ night – Venetonight 2021

On September 24th, 2021 the European Researchers’ Night will take place  and Giorgia Macchi, of CNR IRPI of Padova, institute will present an interactive laboratory “The movements of the mountains: everything there is to know about landslides (and more)!” to let the public understand what landslides are, how they are studied, why they are so dangerous and how to protect ourselves.

The sixth congress of the INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY FOR GEOMORPHOMETRY, held in Perugia from 13 to 15 September, is now over. One of the works presented by the IRPI researchers was awarded a “best paper” award

The sixth Geomorphometry conference, organized by the International Society For Geomorphometry together with the CNR IRPI and the Physics and Geology Department, was held at University of Perugia, September 13-15.

The conference was attended by more than 50 researchers from around the world, connected online from 11 different time zones.

The conference hosted high-profile names in international geomorphometry such as Michael Hutchinson, Ian Sylvester Evans, Peter Guth. The program included three keynote contributions and 44 presentations, based on short research articles presented at the congress after peer review by the congress scientific committee.

The contributions were voted by the participants of the congress. The “best student paper” award was assigned to the paper entitled “Estimating the spatial distribution of vegetation height and ground-level elevation in a mesotidal salt marsh from UAV LiDAR-derived point cloud”, presented by Daniele Pinton, University of Florida. The “best paper award” was shared between the papers “Reflections on adding the Z dimension to earth system analysis” presented by Michael Hutchinson , Australian National University, and “A data-driven method for assessing the probability for terrain grid cells of initiating rockfalls on a large area”, authored by researchers from CNRI IRPI, Perugia: M. Alvioli, M. Santangelo, F. Fiorucci, M. Cardinali, I. Marchesini, P. Reichenbach, M. Rossi, and presented by Federica Fiorucci. An extended version of the paper per was recently published in the journal Engineering Geology with the title “Rockfall susceptibility and network-ranked susceptibility along the Italian railway”.

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Geomorphometry 2021

The Geomorphometry 2021 Conference, organized by the Research Institute for Geo-Hydrological Protection of the National Research Council (CNR IRPI) and the Department of Physics and Geology of the University of Perugia, will be held on September 13, 14 and 15, 2021.

news-goemorphometry2021-

Brevetto CNR-IRPI “Sistema Perfezionato per il Monitoraggio di Ancoraggi Geotecnici”

La collaborazione pluriennale tra il CNR-IRPI, il gruppo di Geotecnica dell’Università di Padova e la società la Dalla Gassa srl, ideatrice degli ancoraggi compositi come sistemi per il rinforzo dei versanti in frana, ha portato allo registrazione di brevetto italiano riguardante l’integrazione di sensori distribuiti in fibra ottica, per la determinazione degli stati di sollecitazione degli ancoraggi (Data di deposito: 2019; concessione: 2021).
Referente: Luca Schenato

Si è concluso il workshop internazionale Resilient Infrastructures for Tomorrow’s Hazards a Venezia, premiati due ricercatori IRPI

Il 21 e il 22 luglio si è svolto in modalità mista, sia online sia in presenza nell’isola di S.Servolo (Venezia), il workshop Resilient Infrastructures for Tomorrow’s Hazards
nell’ambito del progetto Europeo di mobilità Marie Skłodowska Curie HERCULES (https://cordis.europa.eu/project/id/778360). Al workshop hanno partecipato ricercatori provenienti da Kazakistan, Iran, Austria, Cina e UK. A rappresentare l’Italia ricercatori IRPI della sedi di Padova e Perugia.
Il programma prevedeva 4 keynote e 26 brevi presentazioni per ciascun ricercatore che a partecipato al programma di mobilità. Le presentazioni sono state giudicate da un comitato composto dai leader di ciascun gruppo di ricerca e tra quelle selezionate per i premi di migliore presentazione vi sono quelle dei ricercatori IRPI Giulia Bossi, per l’intervento Modelling seepage in heterogenous soils with the Boolean Stochastic Generation Method e Giacomo Tedesco che presentava Monitoring and modelling of a road tunnel damaged by a large block slide.

IRPI organizza il workshop internazionale ‘Resilient Infrastructures for Tomorrow’s Hazards’ a Venezia

Il 21 e il 22 luglio si svolgerà nell’isola di S.Servolo, nella laguna veneziana, un incontro nell’ambito del progetto Europeo di mobilità Marie Skłodowska Curie HERCULES (https://cordis.europa.eu/project/id/778360). L’isola di S.Servolo è il campus della Venice International University, consorzio internazionale di università e enti di ricerca di cui il CNR fa parte.
 
Il workshop sarà dedicato a discussioni sul tema della resilienza delle infrastrutture in un contesto di cambiamento climatico (Resilient Infrastructures for Tomorrow’s Hazards) con interventi sia di gestori di infrastrutture come Rete Ferroviaria Italiana sia di ricercatori, tra cui di IRPI Silvia Peruccacci e Giacomo Titti. Verranno inoltre presentati i risultati di ogni ricercatore che ha partecipato alle attività di mobilità nell’ambito del progetto.
 
Organizzatori del workshop: Alessandro Pasuto, Giulia Bossi, Antonella Barizza.
(Licensing: CC – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Isola_di_San_Servolo_in_Venice_001.jpg)

Special issue: GIS-Supported DEM Analysis for Characterization of Short to Long Term Landscape Dynamics

The availability of digital elevation models globally is providing increasing capabilities of scaling up geomorphological analyses through the use of geographic information systems (GIS).

We started a Special Issue on the International Journal of Geo-Information. The special issue is dedicated to current research in the characterization of short to long term landscape dynamics through GIS-supported analyses applied to digital elevation models. Contributions can explore methodological, conceptual, and technological aspects, as well as applications. Short-term landscape dynamics may include soil erosion, landslides, and river network dynamics. Long-term landscape dynamics may include the evaluation of erosion, denudation, uplift rates.

For a full description of the Special Issue, visit https://www.mdpi.com/journal/ijgi/special_issues/GIS-Supported_DEMLandscapeDynamics

The deadline for papers submission is 31/12/2021.

The Special Issue, in the Frontiers in Sensors magazine, is open

The Special Issue, in the Frontiers in Sensors magazine, with the title “Emerging Technologies and Applications in Distributed Optical Fiber Sensors” (Deadline: 25 September 2021) – Guest Editors: Prof. Daniele Tosi (Nazarbayev University – Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan); Prof. David Barrera (University of Alcalá – Alcalá de Henares, Spain); Dr. Luca Schenato (CNR-IRPI) is open for scientific contributions.
The goal of this Research Topic is to provide a platform for reporting the latest advances in the field of distributed sensors based on optical fiber technologies, both in form of original research articles that discuss the principles, performance, implementation, and/or application of these sensing systems, and to present review or perspective papers that draw a roadmap of this field.

Memorandum of understanding with the Department of Management of the University of Turin

Starting from 1 June 2021, CNR IRPI has signed a memorandum of understanding with the Department of Management (DM) of the University of Turin, in order to start research and training activities on areas of common interest. The DM deals with integrated management systems (economic-environmental) of the territory, sustainable tourism and Internet of Things (IoT) to support territorial management and monitoring. The protocol also provides for the possibility of collaboration in degree and doctorates theses as well as internships.

More info: danilo.godone@irpi.cnr.it

Atelier di formazione alla ricerca in alta quota – Edizione 2021

Nell’ambito del progetto GioMon, cofinanziato dalla Fondazione CRT, dal 6 al 10 settembre 2021 nel bacino glaciale della Bessanese (Balme, TO) si svolgerà un “Atelier di formazione alla ricerca in alta quota”. L’iniziativa è finalizzata all’introduzione di studenti universitari di atenei piemontesi ai metodi della ricerca scientifica ed alle loro dirette applicazioni in campo. Gli studenti saranno i veri protagonisti dell’Atelier: definiranno obiettivi e metodi del proprio progetto ricerca, raccoglieranno ed analizzeranno dati, e presenteranno infine i risultati del loro lavoro. Ricercatori del CNR-IRPI seguiranno tutto il percorso formativo degli studenti, stimolandoli e coinvolgendoli mediante l’applicazione di un approccio collaborativo e condiviso. La base logistica per le attività in campo sarà il Rifugio Gastaldi.

news-Atelier della Ricerca 2021

Per informazioni: marta.chiarle@irpi.cnr.it

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Presentation by Luca Schenato at the ‘Belt and Road webinar series on Geotechnics, Energy and Environment’

On Friday 28th May, 9.00 a.m. Luca Schenato will give an invited talk about the “Development of innovative optical fiber sensors and systems for dikes and debris flows” in the framework of the Belt and Road webinar series on Geotechnics, Energy and Environment. The talk will illustrate some recent results about the development of fiber optic distributed and quasi-distributed pressure sensors with high sensitivity for the measurement of pressure on dikes and the results of some experiments aimed at validating the feasibility of the application of the distributed acoustic sensing for debris flow monitoring and characterization.

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Innovative study of the embankments of the Adige river

The Padova section is working with the University of Padua in an innovative study for the geotechnical characterization of the embankments of the Adige river in Salorno (BZ). The study, coordinated by the Southern Mountain Basins Office of the Civil Protection Agency of Bolzano, involves taking soil samples with the “gel push sampler” technique. The boreholes will be then equipped with innovative geotechnical instrumentations. In particular, optical fibers will be installed for distributed temperature measurement, under the coordination of the Padova branch.

(Personnel involved: L. Schenato, G. Marcato – coordination; G. Tedesco – installation and measurement campaigns; for further information: luca.schenato@cnr.it).

link:
https://www.altoadige.it/cronaca/adige-indagini-geotecniche-sulla-stabilit%C3%A0-degli-argini-per-proteggere-l-a22-1.2912341
https://www.provincia.bz.it/news/it/news.asp?news_action=4&news_article_id=655807

LandAware MayDay round-the-clock conference

The MayDay round-the-clock conference of LandAware, the international network on Landslide Early Warning Systems, will be held online starting from 14:00 (CEST) on 19 May 2021. Stefano Luigi Gariano, researcher at IRPI in Perugia, is among the founding members of the network and among the organizers of the conference.
It will be a 24-hour event (it will finish at 14:00 CEST on 20 May 2021), an online, diversified and engaging conference that will include working groups meetings, networkwide activities and special events.
More information and the link for registration can be found at the following link: https://www.landaware.org/mayday-2021/

events-mayday_flyer-2021-

The IPROMO Summer School 2021 call for application is open!

The Summer School, chaired by Dr. Danilo Godone (CNR-IRPI), is organized by FAO-Mountain Partnership in cooperation with Turin and Tuscia University. This edition topic is “Post COVID-19 Recovery in Mountain Areas”. Due to the pandemic situation it will be held in online format.

The application deadline is 15 May 2021.

More info: danilo.godone@irpi.cnr.it

http://www.fao.org/mountain-partnership/our-work/capacitydevelopment/ipromo/course-2021/en/