Theme: Water

River discharge estimation from satellite

focus-rs4q-evidenza- River discharge is defined as the amount of water flowing through a river over a specified period of time. Its estimate is crucial for all the operations of hydraulic structures design, the territorial planning and the flood risk assessment and management. River discharge at a specific river cross-section is not a direct measurement, but it is calculated by measuring other hydraulic quantities such as the flow velocity and the water depth, i.e. ...

SaTellite based Runoff Evaluation And Mapping

project-STREAM-evidenza Water is at the centre of economic and social development; it is vital to maintain health, grow food, manage the environment, and create jobs. As well over half of the world’s potable water supply is extracted from rivers, either directly or from reservoirs, understanding the variability of the stored water on and below landmasses, i.e., total runoff, is of primary importance. In situ observations or land surface/hydrological models are ...

How much Mar Piccolo peculiarities are due to groundwater outflow

5 concettualizzazione-evidenza- The Mar Piccolo basin is an internal sea basin located along the Ionian coast (Southern Italy), and it is surrounded primarily by fractured carbonate karstic environment. In primarily karstic environments, infiltration is greater than runoff; in the karstic coastal Apulian aquifers, the groundwater discharge to the sea is more than two-fold greater than the surface discharge, notwithstanding the high discharges by wells. In such ...

Missiaga catchment – hydrometeorological data (1983-2000)

prodotti-servizi-Missiaga_data_1-evidenza The dataset includes precipitation, temperature and discharge data recorded in the Missiaga catchment (Dolomites). The Missiaga catchment was monitored by CNR IRPI from 1983 to ...

Dikes and Debris Flows Monitoring by Novel Optical Fiber Sensors

project-DOMINIO-fronte-evidenza With more than 5 million people affected, more than 1000 killed, and with estimated total damages exceeding 4.5 billion Euros just in Europe and during the last decade, floods are among the most disruptive natural events threatening our Society. Due to increase in extreme weather events and rapid socio-economic developments in vulnerable locations, the risks connected to floods in general are growing rapidly, and the awareness of these risks ...

Flooding-prone areas delineation for hydraulic risk assessment for river reaches of the secondary hydrographic network in Tiber river basin

Example of  ‘fasce di pertinenza fluviale’ delineation. The activities of the project concern the delineation of hazard maps for return periods of 50, 100, 200 and 500 years for many reaches of interest identified in the secondary hydrographic network of Tiber ...

Integration of hydrometric measurements for river discharge monitoring and channel roughness coefficients assessment

Monitoraggio-evidenza River discharge monitoring is fundamental for the study of the hydraulic regime of river flow and for the validation and calibration of  rainfall-runoff models. The assessment of channel roughness coefficients associated with the measured discharges is fundamental for the calibration of flood routing models that can be used to address civil protection activities in real time. Unfortunately, the number of river flow monitoring stations in the ...

Experimental Hydrological Database for Apennine Basins

NextData-evidenza The main activities of the project, developed in the context of the program Nextdata funded by the Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research (MIUR), are: collection, organization and analysis of the available hydro-meteorological and climate data for the characterization of the meteo-climate evolution in Apennine mountain areas; extensive experimental campaigns for soil moisture monitoring in hillslope portions and ...

Hydrological study of the Paglia river basin

studio-bacino-paglia-immagine2 The Tiber River Basin Authority (ABT) and the Umbria Region (Service Water Resources and Hydraulic Risk), considering the verified underestimation of the flood-prone areas in the Paglia River basin provided by the Italian PAI (hydro-geological management plan) and the update of rating curves, decided to revise the hydrological study of the drainage basin in order to re-estimate the flood hazard maps for the Paglia River reach bounded upstream ...

Modelling for real-time flood forecasting

immagine2-evidenza The project activities concern: development and implementation of: 1) a semi-distributed continuous hydrological model (MISDc) for real-time soil moisture estimate and river discharge prediction in the Upper-Middle Tiber River basin; 2) a flood wave routing model (STAFOM-RCM) for stage hydrograph forecasting at some selected hydrometric stations in the Tiber River basin; support for installation of soil moisture sensors in the ...

Upper-middle Tiber river basin: the flood event of 25-28 november 2005

abt-evidenza On 25-27 November 2005, the territory of central Italy was affected by heavy rainfall that hit  the Tiber River basin and, mainly, the province of Perugia. The meteoric event had a significant phase with a duration of approximately 48 hours with widespread precipitation up to a maximum accumulated value higher than 100 mm. Significant increases in water levels occurred in most rivers of Upper-Middle Tiber causing extended flooding in ...

Connecting European Connectivity Research

COST-evidenza Water and sediment connectivity has emerged in recent years as a significant conceptual framework for understanding the transfer of surface water and sediment through landscapes. Connectivity can be seen both as a driver of hydrological and geomorphic processes within a catchment and as an emergent catchment property that is the result of processes acting at different ...

Advanced and Integrated Monitoring of Earth DAMS

Cumulated displacements calculated for the Osento dam for the stage between summer and winter conditions The project AIM-DAMS is aimed at developing a laboratory of integrated and advanced environmental monitoring for the control of the behavior of the earth-dams due to the different factors acting on the dams during their lifetime. Based on the integration of innovative and non-invasive sensors, as well as recent monitoring techniques and numerical modelling, the project is intended to fulfill the need of the dam management agencies of using ...

Assessment of water Balances and Optimisation based Target setting across EU River Basins

Abot-evidenza ABOT is one of the Pilot projects on Development of Prevention Activities to Halt Desertification in Europe, partly funded by DG Environment of the European Commission. The objective of the pilot projects is to support the development of concrete pilot initiatives on innovative technologies, techniques or practices in order to contribute to the exchanges of good practice and innovation for halting the desertification in ...

Evaluating the geothermal potential in the Southern Regions of Italy

vigor-evidenza VIGOR contributed to increasing knowledge in exploitation of geothermal resources. It was aimed at providing information useful to start exploration and utilization of geothermal energy, through reconnaissance, analyses and studies, valorise geothermal resources in Calabria, Campania, Puglia and Sicily. In particular, geological and geothermal characterization were carried both at regional scale (i.e. maps of geothermal potential) and at the ...

Long-term Permafrost Monitoring Network

permanet-evidence Permafrost is very sensitive to climate change and the risks associated with its degradation affect traffic routes, settlements and infrastructure. Data on the distribution of permafrost are inconsistent and there is no common strategy to tackle this problem. Local administrators should have the means to manage the risks associated with the degradation of the ...

Vulnerability maps for monitoring and management of groundwater resources in the Archimed area

watermap-evidenza The project considered the strong demand of local institutions to select the best existing practices, in relation to different national and local characteristics, considering the regulatory ...