Combating Desertification and Land Degradation – Spatial Strategies Using Vegetation – Chapter 2_ Mechanisms of Degradation and Identification of Connectivity and Erosion Hotspots.

Hooke J., Sandercock P., Cammeraat L.H., Lesschen J.P., Borselli L., Torri D., Meerkerk A., van Wesemael B., Miguel Marchamalo, Barberá G., Boix-Fayos C., Castillo V., and Navarro-Cano J.A., 2017, Combating Desertification and Land Degradation – Spatial Strategies Using Vegetation – Chapter 2_ Mechanisms of Degradation and Identification of Connectivity and Erosion Hotspots., Combating Desertification and Land Degradation - Spatial Strategies Using Vegetation, edited by Hooke J., Sandercock P., pp. 13–38, 2017,
URL: http://www.cnr.it/prodotto/i/368925

The context of processes and characteristics of soil erosion and land deg- radation in Mediterranean lands is outlined. The concept of connectivity is explained. The remainder of the chapter demonstrates development of methods of mapping, analysis and modelling of connectivity to produce a spatial framework for develop- ment of strategies of use of vegetation to reduce soil erosion and land degradation. The approach is applied in a range of typical land use types and at a hierarchy of scale from land unit to catchment. Patterns of connectivity and factors in uencing the location and intensity of processes are identi ed, including the in uence of topography, structures such as agricultural terraces and check dams, and past land uses. Functioning of connectivity pathways in various rainstorms is assessed. Modes of terrace construction and extent of maintenance, as well as presence of tracks and steep gradients are found to be of importance. A method of connectivity modelling that incorporates effects of structure and vegetation was developed and has been widely applied subsequently.

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