Impact of Deep-seated Gravitational Slope Deformation on urban areas and large infrastructures in the Italian Western Alps
M.Cignetti D.Godone F.Zucca D.Bertolo D.Giordan, 2020, Impact of Deep-seated Gravitational Slope Deformation on urban areas and large infrastructures in the Italian Western Alps,
Science of the total environment 740 (2020). doi_10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.140360,
Deep-seated Gravitational Slope Deformations (DsGSDs) are huge ground-deformation slow evolving phenomena, highly widespread in alpine territory. Their long-lasting evolution, with continuous deformation rate, may represents a natural hazard, able to endanger various anthropic structures and infrastructures. Until today, the development of technical and regulatory tools, aimed to effectively manage the interactions between DsGSDs and anthropic elements, has been generally lightly considered in risk management and land use planning. The definition of the type and severity of impacts on the anthropic elements, becomes increasingly important in terms of urban planning and risk management, and deserve an update in the current adopted procedures.Focusing on the Western Italian Alps, we implemented an interdisciplinary analysis, based on multi-source data, by means of geoinformatics, remote sensing and archive consultation approaches. Intersecting DsGSDs available information with the urbanized territory in a Geographic Information System environment, we obtained, despite the high data heterogeneity, an overall framework of the existing interactions. Specifically, we defined the interactions between these large phenomena and buildings, roads and rail networks, and linear infrastructures, as penstocks, waterworks or dams, also highlighing the state of activity of the inventoried phenomena. Moreover, we analysed the degree of the DsGSD impacts on the anthropic elements, detecting and classifying all the documented damages within the Italian Western Alps territory. The obtained results highlight the need for an innovative approach in DsGSDs risk assessment, both in terms of the definition of their behavior over time and of their impacts on the anthropic elements, for a more effective land use planning and a proper handling of these phenomena in the legislation framework.
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