Social Perception of Geo-Hydrological Risk in the Context of Urban Disaster Risk Reduction_ A Comparison between Experts and Population in an Area of Southern Italy

Loredana Antronico (1), Roberto Coscarelli (1), Francesco De Pascale (1), Francesca Condino (2), 2019, Social Perception of Geo-Hydrological Risk in the Context of Urban Disaster Risk Reduction_ A Comparison between Experts and Population in an Area of Southern Italy, Sustainability (Basel) (2019). doi_10.3390/su11072061,
URL: http://www.cnr.it/prodotto/i/401868

The perception of risk is influenced by how the signals about impacts of events are collected, selected, and interpreted. Empirical data suggest that significant differences in the perception of risk occur within the non-expert population itself, as well as between experts and non-expert population. The paper seeks to examine the risk perception of citizens living in an area subject to high hydro-geological risk of Calabria (Southern Italy), and understanding if local policy makers are aware of how local residents perceive risk. Quantitative and qualitative methods were employed to analyze the perception of experts, stakeholders and citizens on the following research topics_ (i) perception of geohydrological risk, involvement in past events and behavior exhibited; (ii) information, communication, preparedness, and feeling of safety and trust. The results of the survey showed the communication gap between experts and people, evidencing the need for local authorities and experts to disseminate the culture of awareness on the risk and to increase the safety level of the citizens by means of participated actions aimed at reducing urban disaster risk.

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