Ground instability detection using PS-InSAR in Lanzhou, China

Zeng R.Q.; Meng X.M.; Wasowski J.; Dijkstra T.; Bovenga F.; Xue Y.T.; Wang S.Y., 2014, Ground instability detection using PS-InSAR in Lanzhou, China, Quarterly journal of engineering geology and hydrogeology 47 (2014): 307–321. doi_10.1144/qjegh2014-040,

This paper reports on the application of radar satellite data and Persistent Scatterer Inter- ferometry (PS-InSAR) techniques for the detection of ground deformation in the semi-arid loess region of Lanzhou, northwestern China. Compared with Synthetic Aperture Radar Interferometry (InSAR), PS- InSAR overcomes the problems of temporal and geometric de-correlation and atmospheric heteroge- neities by identifying persistent radar targets (PS) in a series of interferograms. The SPINUA algorithm was used to process 40 ENVISAT ASAR images for the study period 2003-2010. The analysis resulted in the identification of over 140000 PS in the greater Lanzhou area covering some 300 km2. The spatial distribution of moving radar targets was checked during a field campaign and highlights the range of ground instability problems that the Lanzhou area faces as urban expansion continues to accelerate. The PS-InSAR application detected ground deformations with rates up to 10mma-1; it resulted in the detection of previously unknown unstable slopes and two areas of subsidence.

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