Comparison of split window algorithms for retrieving measurements of sea surface temperature from MODIS Data in Near-Land Coastal Waters

Cavalli R.M., 2018, Comparison of split window algorithms for retrieving measurements of sea surface temperature from MODIS Data in Near-Land Coastal Waters, ISPRS international journal of geo-information 7 (2018). doi_10.3390/ijgi7010030,
URL: http://www.cnr.it/prodotto/i/388868

Split window (SW) methods, which have been successfully used to retrieve measurements of land surface temperature (LST) and sea surface temperature (SST) from MODIS images, were exploited to evaluate the SST data of three sections of Italian coastal waters. For this purpose, sea surface emissivity (SSE) values were estimated by adding the effects of salinity and total suspended particulate matter (SPM) concentrations, sea surface wind speed, and zenith observation angle. The total column atmospheric water vapor contents were retrieved from MODIS data. SST data retrieved from MODIS images using these algorithms were compared with SSTskin measurements evaluated from in situ data. The comparison showed that the algorithms for retrieving LST measurements minimized the error in SST data in near-land coastal waters with respect to the algorithms for retrieving SST measurements_ A method for retrieving LST measurements highlighted the smallest root-mean-square deviation (RMSD) value (0.48 K) and values of maximum bias and standard deviation (?) equal to -3.45 K and 0.41 K; the current operation algorithm for retrieving LST data highlighted the smallest values of maximum bias and ? (-1.37 K and 0.35 K) and an RMSD value of 0.66 K; and the current operation algorithm for retrieving global measurements of SST showed values of RMSD, maximum bias, and ? equal to 0.68 K, -1.90 K, and 0.40 K, respectively.

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