Analysis of the precipitation regime in a wide Mediterranean area

A. Longobardi, G. Buttafuoco, T. Caloiero, R. Coscarelli, 2015, Analysis of the precipitation regime in a wide Mediterranean area, Rome 2015 - Science Symposium on climate, pp. 80–81, Roma, November 19-20, 2015,

The precipitation climate regime of a region is characterized by the distribution of the monthly precipitation contribution. Its temporal and spatial analysis is of particularly interest for many fields of applied sciences, such as climatology, hydrology and water resources management especially in arid or semi-arid environment [1, 2]. With the aim to describe the climate regime, its spatial feature and relevant potential temporal shift, for a large area of southern Italy (Mediterranean basin), a database of about 559 stations, has been explored through the statistical analysis of rainfall time series spanning between 1917-2006. After a change point analysis, aimed at the assessment of data quality, a trend analysis has been performed on both monthly precipitation, monthly percentage of annual rainfall amount and Precipitation Concentration Index (PCI) series [3]. The broad extension of the area under investigation highlights a better understanding of precipitation distribution patterns over space, illustrating how particular geographical location are characterized by climatic features apart from the average climate regime predicted for a particular period of the year [4,5]. Results of PCI trend analysis indicate a significant shift, for about 40%-50% of total gauging station, over the time toward a more uniform climate regime, especially for the hilly areas. Results of monthly rainfall series trend analysis further indicate that the shift is produced by a reduction of rainfall amount during the winter season, particular consistent over the Tyrrhenian side of the peninsula, and an increase during the summer season quite widespread over the whole investigated territory [6].

Data from