Structural Health Monitoring of a Road Tunnel Intersecting a Large and Active Landslide

Giulia Bossi , Luca Schenato, Gianluca Marcato, 2017, Structural Health Monitoring of a Road Tunnel Intersecting a Large and Active Landslide, Applied sciences 7 (2017). doi_10.3390/app7121271,
URL: http://www.cnr.it/prodotto/i/379502

Dealing with engineering structures that are not easily replaceable requires frequent assessment of the damage state of the construction in order to estimate its durability and reliability. The procedures that allow damage to be detected and identified are broadly defined as Structural Health Monitoring (SHM). In this work, a SHM network has been deployed in a road tunnel that intersects a massive landslide, whose movements are causing the formation of cracks along the tunnel lining. The monitoring system measures in real time the displacements across major cracks and the rotation of the tunnel segments; data are gathered and made easily accessible through a web-based platform. The mechanisms by which the tunnel deforms under the landslide-induced stress have been defined through the analysis of three years of monitoring data. The factors triggering an increase in deformation rates and causing damage to the structure have also been investigated. This evidence will support the design of mitigation works to extend the life-span of the tunnel.

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