Instability processes in slopes location of intensely fissured clays_ case histories in the southern Apennines

Cotecchia, C. Vitone, F. Santaloia, G. Pedone, O. Bottiglieri, 2014, Instability processes in slopes location of intensely fissured clays_ case histories in the southern Apennines, Landslides (Berl., Print) (2014). doi_10.1007/s10346-014-0516-7,
URL: http://www.cnr.it/prodotto/i/306788

In slopes formed by tectonized clayey turbidites, the soil fissuring recurrently influences the hydro-mechanical soil properties, determining an impoverishment in strength and an increase in permeability of the slope that make them predisposing factors of landsliding. This paper presents three case histories of slopes within tectonized clayey turbidites that are representative of several others in the Southern Apennines and, more widely, in the southern Mediterranean. The paper reports a novel attempt to connect tightly the slope geomorphological and hydromechanical features to the slope geological history, through an introductory presentation of the geological setting and history of the chain where the slopes occur. The slopes, location of very slow landslides, have been reconstructed based upon field surveys and investigations, multi-aerial photo-interpretation, laboratory testing, monitoring and numerical modelling. Furthermore, novel is the attempt to present, all together, the behaviour of the soils involved in the three landslide case studies, in the light of the mechanical modelling approach to fissured clays recently presented in the literature.

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